FANDOM


This article is about The Gospel. You may be looking for John the Apostle or another John.

Back to the Gospel of Luke | List of Books | Forward to the Book of Acts
The John is one of the Gospels

The Gospel of John also known as The Book of John or simply John is the fourth book of the New Testament, and the forty-third book of the Bible. It was written by the Apostle John as one of the four gospels and gives selective biographical accounts of Jesus Christ's actions and miracles on Earth from his perspective.

John was written to record some of Jesus signs to verify that he was God Incarnate. The book focuses on Jesus relationship with God the Father and the validity of his claims through the "witnessing" of both the author and miracles.

Authorship

Author

John is never explicitly identified as the author in his Gospel; however, there are many indicators and slants towards the character of John's person.

Self-Identification

The clearest identification of the author is found at end of the book where special attention is given to "the Disciple Jesus loved" and then the author (using first person) identifies himself with this Apostle. In this passage, special attention is given to the rumor that "the Disciple" (John) would be immortal, because Jesus had said he would not die until "he came" again.[1] The author makes a comment to counteract this, explaining how Jesus had not explicitly said he would have immortality, but that he would see "Jesus return"; a reference to John experiencing revelation of the apocalypse.

Witnessing

The author references himself as witness twice in the Gospel. In the account of Jesus side being pierced during crucifixion, the author verifies this and tells the readers that he was an eyewitness[2]; so that they would believe that it was true. Jesus died very early in his crucifixion, a rare occurrence during the Roman Era; thus the author (John) personally attested it.

The author references himself as a witness in the account of speculation that he would be immortal. The author identifies himself as the aforementioned disciple, the author of the book and witness of the events herein.[3]


Purpose

The purpose of the Gospel's writing was to document some of Jesus miracles, in order to validate to the readers that Jesus was the Christ. John makes it clear that not every miracle Jesus performed is recorded, but the selected miracles were written so the readers would believe in Jesus Christ and have eternal life. [4] In fact, John remarks that if everything Jesus did was recorded, the "world would not have space" for all of the books that would be needed[5].

The Apostle John heavily emphasized how the signs (or miracles)[6] of Jesus were the proof for Jesus claims.


Genre

As the other four gospels John is a historical account. Compared to the other three gospels, John is less concerned about a synopsis of Jesus's life and actions, but rather His miracles and teaching that demonstrate His divinity. Not all of the miracles of Jesus are documented, because of the large amount[7](several of these are written in other Gospels some are not recorded in the Bible at all).

No other literary genre is included in the Book of John other than the infrequent and indirect quoting of Old Testament prophecies, poetry, and laws (laws were usually referenced in dialogue). Compared to most biblical historical accounts, John's gospel includes heavy amounts of dialogue.The dialogue in itself contains many quotes exchanged between various people. This Gospel also does not include any large portions of Jesus's sermons or prolonged writings of dialogue. The dialogue gives the teachings of Jesus and shows the curiosity of the Disciples, and the refutations of the Jewish leadership such as the Pharisees. Accompanying the dialogue is varied length of pure historical documentation.

Themes

Equality of Son and Father

Testimony for Jesus

Miracles

Verses

  1. John 21:20-24 (Link)
  2. John 19:35 (Link)
  3. John 21:24 (Link)
  4. John 20:30-31 (Link)
  5. John 21:25 (Link)
  6. John 2:11, 2:23, 4:54, 6:2, 6:14, 12:18, 12:37 (Link)
  7. John 21:25 (Link)