The Land of Uz was established at least some time before Job's rise to riches. The region was probably named for the son of Shem and grandson of Noah If the region was named after "Uz", then the name may imply the area was once owned or inhabited by Uz, even discovered by Uz. The land was east of the Euphrates River.Nearby (or in the land) was a desert that would blow in strong winds.Several ethnic groups lived in close proximity to, or within Uz. This included the Chaldeans and the Sabeans, who once attacked and raided Job's property.
Uz may have been its own country at one point in time. In the prophecy of Jeremiah it is referenced that there were "kings of uz", which may be a reference to it literally being a nation. This could also mean that monarchs were ruling in region that was once Uz. In his prophecy Jeremiah foretells that the rulers of Uz would have to experience the wrath of God, for their disobedience. Again the prophecy of punishment for Uz is reiterated in Jeremiah's lamentations
The most notable inhabitant of the Land of Uz was Job. At this time he was the richest man in the entire region (at the time richest east of the euphrates). The land would have contained lots of vegetation and grass in order to provide adequate food for Job's cattle. Throughout the area Job and his household owned a great deal of property including one house for each son (seven houses), a house for himself, grasslands for cattle, and at least one altar.